Planted in 1969 by Brookside Winery, one of the oldest companies in California, the vineyards owned by us or one of our affiliate companies have been replanted to a dozen Italian varieties from Arneis to Zibibbo; A - Z, so to speak!

The decomposed granite soils are relatively shallow but are well drained, limiting crop loads to Premier cru levels - around 4 tons per acre for most varieties. The topography of the ranch is gently rolling and enjoys the cooling effects of marine air which invades our valley every afternoon through the Rainbow gap. The resulting thermal excursions of up to 40°F slow the ripening of the fruit and preserve acidity in the late-ripening varieties. The vineyards are between 1,340 and 1,390 feet above sea level.

Row spacing (8'x4') and orientation were carefully considered when we replanted the different blocks. White varieties are laid out to protect the delicate fruit from the hot afternoon sun and preserve aromas. Red varieties are oriented to receive more light and heat, which help the fruit develop better color and more intense flavors.

When perfectly ripe, the fruit is partially picked by hand and partially by a modern Italian-made harvesting machine that destems it in the field. The estate vineyards surround the winery so we crush or press the fruit within an hour of its harvest.